Everything You Need to Know About Benign Uterine Fibroid Tumors

Misbah Akhtar

Benign uterine fibroid tumours, otherwise known as leiomyomas, are noncancerous abnormal growths that develop on the uterus. They are a type of fibroids that can develop during women’s childbearing years. According to the Office on Women’s Health, up to 80% of women will tend to develop fibroids by the age of 50. The Benign Uterine Fibroid Tumors symptoms will range from pelvic pain, heavy and prolonged periods, frequent urination, constipation, backache, bleeding, etc. Let us delve in deeper and tell you everything you need to know about benign uterine fibroid tumours.

Everything You Need to Know About Benign Uterine Fibroid Tumors

Predisposing Factors to Benign Uterine Fibroid Tumors

Generally speaking, the causes of fibroids are still unclear. However, some factors may influence their formation. Here are some of the predisposing factors:

Family history

Studies in fibroids have shown genetic components. They can run in your family. In other words, you might develop fibroids if someone in your family history had or has this condition.


Estrogen and progesterone help the uterine lining to regenerate during the menstrual cycle in women. This regeneration may stimulate the growth of these fibroids.


It is normal that the production of estrogen and progesterone hormones increases when you are pregnant. It has been found that fibroids can also develop during this period owing to hormonal changes.

Race and Obesity

Black women are at a higher risk for fibroids. Also, women who are overweight are more likely to develop fibroids.

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Types of fibroid tumours

As a matter of fact, there are three main types of fibroid tumours you ought to know about:

Intramural fibroids

These are the most common types of fibroids in women. They usually develop within the uterus muscular wall. This type of fibroids may grow huge and stretch your womb.

Subserous fibroids

These are growths that develop on the outer uterine wall. These fibroids cause heavy bleeding, pelvic pain and they tend to put pressure on surrounding organs. When subserous fibroids grow a peduncle, they are referred to as pedunculated fibroids.

Submucosal fibroids

These fibroids develop below the uterus lining. They cause pain and menstrual problems.

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Diagnosing Benign Uterine Fibroid Tumours

It is highly recommended you visit your gynaecologist for regular screening as a woman. You can also schedule an appointment if you have any strange symptoms like vulva, vaginal or pelvic pain. You should speak to women’s health experts like fibroid specialist Nyc for proper diagnosis. The gynaecologist will give you a pelvic exam. A pelvic exam is physical and visual testing of the woman’s reproductive organ. This exam focuses on the condition, shape, and size of your uterus. The pelvic exam takes between 15 and 20 minutes.

Other deeper tests can also be done; including doing an ultrasound, pelvic MRI, Hyster sonogram, laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, etc

Benign uterine Fibroids Treatment Options

Benign uterine fibroids will tend to grow with time until around menopause. They may stop or even start shrinking. After diagnosis, the doctor may recommend observation. Depending on the extent of symptoms, your age, fertility goal, or size of the fibroids, they can be treated medically or even surgically.
Again, a specialist will guide you on the best procedures and options to take. It is good to note; medical treatment is used to help in alleviated symptoms and not tumour eradication. Surgical treatment is used to remove the tumour where the uterine fibroids pose a pregnancy risk or fertility interference. It might not be used in most cases since it can cause complications and the fibroids may recur.

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Wrapping up

Reproductive health is very key in women of all ages. That is why as a rule of thumb, ensure you see your gynaecologist often for routine checkups. As you grow older, it is also good to seek help if you have any strange symptoms or concerns about your reproductive health. Issues like Fibroids are very common among women. It should not be a cause for alarm! It would be best if you had a proper diagnosis, done early. They can be treated or managed depending on the doctor’s recommendations… Well, do your part and live a happy, healthy life!

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